Die Förderung der Forschung wie jene des wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses führte 2017/2018 der Pre-Doc-Award zusammen. 15 ausgewählte Projekte repräsentieren die ausgewogene Vielfalt aktueller Forschungen an der Universität Leipzig.
Auftaktveranstaltung im November 2017
„2 Präsentationsfolien, 3 Fragen, 4 Minuten“ – unter diesen Maßgaben stellten die 15 prämierten Paare sich selbst, ihre Themen und Projektpläne am 14. November 2017 in der Villa Tillmanns vor. Den Startschuss für die neuartige Förderungsform gaben die Kanzlerin der Universität, Prof. Dr. Birgit Dräger, und der Prorektor für Forschung und wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchs, Prof. Dr. Erich Schröger.
Abschluss-Symposium im Juni 2018
Erste Ergebnisse und Erfolge präsentierten die Projekt-Tandems bei einem Abschluss-Symposium am 5. Juni 2018 in der Villa Tillmanns. 12 der 15 Teams hatten ihre Förderanträge eingereicht, vier Vorhaben bereits eine Zusage erhalten. Die Rektorin der Universität Leipzig, Prof. Dr. Beate Schücking, die Kanzlerin und der Prorektor für Forschung und wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchs zogen eine erste positive Bilanz des Pre-Doc-Awards. Auch die Teilnehmer*innen schätzten das Förderinstrument als zielführend und vorteilhaft für Pre- wie Postdocs ein.
Prämierte Projekt-Tandems 2017/2018
Die folgenden 15 Pre-Doc-Postdoc-Tandems profitierten 2017/18 von der Förderung:
Franziska Bednarski & Dr. Catherine Gunzenhauser
Thema: How Teacher Practices Predict Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Development: A Multimethodological Approach to Assess the Quality of Teacher-Child-Interactions in Germany.
Einrichtung: Institut für Bildungswissenschaften
Abstract: Social-emotional competencies are identified as among the most important abilities supporting early school success and the growth of academic competence during elementary school. Even young children learn alongside and in collaboration with teachers and peers to regulate their emotions. Preschool teachers are important socializers of young children’s social-emotional competence and respond to children’s experience of emotions in supportive, or unsupportive ways. However, previous research has focused primarily on the level of the preschool class. Based on the tripartite model of emotion socialization (Morris et al., 2007), we aim to investigate the effect of dyadic interactions between teachers and specific children on the development of the child’s social-emotional competence and adjustment to the preschool environment. Furthermore, individual differences in children’s responsiveness to teacher emotion socialization will be taken into account.
Carolin Böse-Sprenger & Dr. Rebekka Gersbach
Thema: Selbstbewusstsein und Gegenstandsbezug jenseits des Empirismus
Einrichtung: Institut für Philosophie
Abstract: How is knowledge of the world possible in the face of error? One popular answer is minimal empiricism. Minimal empiricism is empiricist in that it holds that the fundamental ground we have for knowledge is sensory experience of the world; it is minimal in that it admits, following Kant’s and Hegel’s idealism, that in the case of us human beings sensory experience is informed by the faculty of reason, and thus provides grounds which are reasons. In making this idealist move minimal empiricism purports to overcome the traditional tension between the self-conscious authority of the knowing subject and the object-directedness of its acts of knowledge. But is this really so? In the dissertation I will be inquiring into the advantages of an empiricist epistemology (preserving the world’s mind-independence). From an idealist perspective I will then point to some severe problems and their origins, which will ultimately lead to a non-empiricist understanding of empirical knowledge.
Alessandro Braga & Dr. Chao Huang
Thema: Establishing an animal model of predictive coding in the central auditory system
Einrichtung: Institut für Biologie
Abstract: Predictive coding is a fundamental aspect of brain function across species, crucial for the development of sensory-motor skills over the whole lifespan. The brain is constantly predicting the consequences of its own commands, and compares these predictions to outcomes in order to to adapt and learn. Human studies have demonstrated the existence of predictive coding associated phenomena, such as sensory attenuation, in the interaction between the motor system and the hearing system. However, the methodological limitations of the human model prevent from investigating the neural substrates of these phenomena. Hence, we will establish a mouse model of predictive coding in the auditory system in order to enable a direct comparison to human data, by using similar behavioral tasks and EEG measurements. This will allow us to study underlying neural mechanisms inaccessible in humans by using invasive techniques such as optical imaging and multiunit recordings.
Luca Bruno & J.-Prof. Dr. Martin Roth
Thema: Database characters as expressions of political thinking – Bedeutung fiktionaler Charaktere in der japanischen Populär- und Videospielkultur
Einrichtung: Ostasiatisches Institut
Abstract: studying Japanese anime/manga-esque characters has opened the space to wide discussion and critique, especially in light of them possessing both pre-narrative capabilities in the form of an ensemble of shared fan-recognized elements employed within the character’s design, and a meta-narrative in the form of a capacity to be moved between and without their host texts. The ensemble of elements, a structuring of the raw data constituted by the practices and shared meanings present within fan-culture, is arranged as a sequence in a character’s own design. As an arranged sequence of such elements, the character preserves its original identity and connection with its host franchise and relative narrative even when subjected to de-contextualization. This, in turn, extends to the host franchise’s own statements, which in turn can include politics. This is particularly interesting in light of the generally apolitical stance held by content producers and fans. Through the study of characters and the fan-recognized elements they are composed by, it is possible to examine the internal politics of a seemingly apolitical fan-culture.
Julia Franke & Dr. Jonas Held
Thema: Moritz Schlick unter dem Aspekt seiner Kenntnis-/Erkenntniskonzeption. Beziehung von Schlicks analytischem Standpunkt zum transzendentalphilosphischen Ansatz Emmanuel Kants.
Einrichtung: Institut für Philosophie
Abstract: Moritz Schlick was one of the most important thinkers of the Vienna Circle. His work was groundbreaking for the development of modern analytical philosophy. As my dissertation project will show, there are many reference points between Schlick and the philosophy of Immanuel Kant that philosophers didn’t take into account until today. Central to Schlick´s Philosophy is what I call the „Kenntnis-/ Erkenntniskonzeption“. This conception marks an important distinction between sensual and conceptual knowledge. My main thesis is that we cannot get a clear understanding of Schlick´s „Kenntnis-/Erkenntniskonzept“, without relating it to Kant´s philosophy. To take the influence of Kant‘s philosophy on Schlick serious means also to rethink the relation between analytic and transcendental philosophy.
Christoph Graf & Dr. Sabrina Weiß
Thema: Transnational Spaces and Discontinuous Places: The Auspices of Santa Muerte in Los Angeles
Einrichtung: Religionswissenschaftliches Institut
Abstract: This research project is an ethnographic study of Mexican-American religious communities. It specifically focuses on the narratives and practices of the devotion to Santa Muerte in Los Angeles. The thesis aims to critically examine the role of religious identity construction for processes of social spatialization, both within this urban context and in relation to the transnational interconnections of migrant communities. It seeks to reveal how these connections and processes intertwine with the construction and negotiation of other social, ethnic and national boundaries. Due to the controversial reputation of this saint of death and her followers, and the increasingly contested role of migrant communities in the United States, the findings will have implications for current academic as well as political debates.
Thomas Grochow & J.-Prof. Dr. Dr. Simone Fietz
Thema: Auswirkungen der kongenitalen Toxoplasmose auf neurale Stammzellen im Kortex des Meerschweinchens
Einrichtung: Veterinär-Anatomisches Institut
Abstract: Toxoplasmosis is one of the most prevalent zoonotic diseases worldwide. The illness is caused by the single-cell parasite Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Immunocompetent adults with primary T. gondii infection are usually asymptomatic. However, if a mother gets infected for the first time during pregnancy, the parasite is able to cross the placenta and infects the fetus, which often leads to serious and progressive symptoms. A hallmark of congenital T. gondii infection is the involvement of the central nervous system. Until now, detailed data on the course of the infection and the specific host cell populations in the fetal brain are lacking. Therefore, our project aims to characterize the specific host cell populations and their alterations in the fetal guinea pig brain infected with T. gondii. Moreover, we are planning to establish the guinea pig as a suitable model organism for studying human congenital toxoplasmosis.
Sabine Hörnig & Dr. Johannes Mülmenstädt
Thema: Verbesserung der Darstellung konvektiver Prozesse und Wolken in der Klimamodellierung und deren Parametrisierung
Einrichtung: Institut für Meteorologie
Abstract: Climate change is one of the most discussed and most significant societal challenges of the 21st century. To predict the future climate, it is necessary to estimate the sensitivity of the climate system to the emission of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. Unfortunately, climate models produce a wide spread of model responses to a given emission scenario. The leading source of uncertainty is the unrealistic model representation of clouds and precipitation. In the last decade, a new generation of satellites has been collecting global vertical profiles of cloud and precipitation properties. Using this data, we can advance observational constraints from the currently used snapshots of the atmospheric state to constraints on processes, providing direct tests of the physical realism of climate models. Our goal is to translate these process-based observational constraints on the present-day atmosphere into smaller uncertainties in climate model predictions.
Dilara Issayeva & Dr. Muslim Dvoyashkin
Herzlichen Glückwunsch an Dr. Muslim Dvoyashkin, Preisträger des diesjährigen Felix-Bloch-Preises der Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker für seine „besonderen Verdienste auf dem Gebiet der Magnetischen Resonanzspektroskopie"!
Thema: Catalytic and Diffusion Studies on Catalysts for CO2 Hydrogenation under Dynamic Reaction Conditions
Einrichtung: Institut für Technische Chemie
Abstract: Supply of energy from renewable resources, such as solar and wind energy, has a fluctuating nature. The limited performance of batteries precludes the storage of the energy excess. One possibility to address this problem is utilization of hydrogen generated by electrolysis, e.g. by electrocatalytic water splitting, in further reactions for production of valuable chemicals. Such approach is known as the “power-to-chemicals” concept, in which methanol, formic acid, dimethyl ether, higher alcohols and other hydrocarbons can be produced as a result of CO2-hydrogenation reactions depending on the type of catalyst used and reaction conditions. The goal of our project is to address the influence of dynamic conditions on performance of a catalyst for methanol synthesis, including the possibility for occurrence of diffusion limitations resulting from them.
Raphael Krause & Dr. Stephanie Bremerich
Thema: (Meta-)seriality in German literature
Einrichtung: Institut für Germanistik
Abstract: In the present age, metaization and seriality are ubiquitous in all media. It is often forgotten, though, that both concepts have a long history. If this fact is further neglected in research, however, it is not possible to comprehend both concepts adequately. As a consequence I intend to write a dissertation on (meta-)seriality in German literature. Metaphenomena can be defined as reflections of a medium in the medium itself. As a part of it, metaseriality means that a structure, which is genuine for a series, is reflected in the series itself. I pursue two main research interests, one being historical and one being systematical. Both are desiderata in current research. Firstly, I want to develop a workable concept of seriality in literature, which does not yet exist, because mostly TV-Series are given attention to and not serial formats in literature. Secondly, I want to analyze the history of (meta-)seriality within the history of German literature. All in all, it is my goal to enable a more differentiated view of the concepts of seriality and metaseriality in the future.
Ana Moledo & Dr. Steffi Marung
Thema: From anti-colonial activists to Third World revolutionaries: A history of social mobility across an beyond Lusophone Africa, 1950s – 1907s
Einrichtung: Centre for Area Studies, Processes of Spatialization under the Global Condition
Abstract: Radical anti-colonial activism is a crucial piece to understand the multifaceted puzzle of 20th century global history. Its development, however, goes beyond a unidirectional narrative with easily identifiable locations or patterns. Taking the transnational trajectories of a set of anti-colonial actors from Lusophone Africa as the constitutive framework, this research project focuses on the mechanisms and infrastructures of mobility that enabled the establishment of subversive agendas and networks transcending the world of empire, nation-states and Cold War. Their encounters and transits through more than two decades across a multitude of geographical and institutional settings are the key to understand further post-colonial developments in Lusophone Africa as well as alternative visions of ordering societies and integrating them into a globalized world.
Colin Rosenberg & J.-Prof. Dr. Sebastian Schüler
Thema: Evolution von Religion, Moral und sozialer Komplexität
Einrichtung: Religionswissenschaftliches Institut
Abstract: Das Dissertationsprojekt widmet sich dem interdisziplinären Forschungsprogramm der Cognitive Science of Religion (CSR), welches einen neuartigen Naturalismus in der Religionsforschung vertritt und dessen Ziel es ist, religiöses Denken und Handeln als Resultat einer genetisch-kulturellen Koevolution darzustellen. Im Fokus des Projekts befinden sich die kognitionspsychologischen Aspekte hinter soziosexuellen und kooperativen Verhaltensnormen. Vor diesem Hintergrund sollen neue Erkenntnisse über die gesellschaftlichen Transformationen während der sogenannten Achsenzeit, aber auch über religionssoziologische Beobachtungen der Gegenwart gewonnen werden. Damit verbunden wird eine Diskussion der Methodologie, in der die Schnittstellen zwischen „Science“ und „Humanities“ im Projekt beleuchtet, konstruktiv bewertet und wo nötig, kritisiert werden.
Franziska Rosinsky & Dr. Edyta Burda-Daghish
Thema: Identifizierung, Isolierung und rekombinante Herstellung von Oxidoreduktasen für die Anwendung in der Synthese von Pestizid-Metaboliten
Einrichtung: Institut für Pharmazie
Abstract: The toxicological properties of pesticides are well studied. Therefore, we know a lot about toxicity of pesticide and we have to know more about the effect of metabolic products of pesticide on our health and environment. The aim of this project is the investigation of pesticide degradation in plants. After detailed analysis of pesticide metabolism in the model plant, we get the information about the enzymes responsible for the particular enzyme reaction. A biomimetic approach using the identified enzymes as biocatalysts enables toxicological studies of metabolites. Furthermore, enzymes are highly interesting tools for synthetic chemistry and can be used as biocatalysts for the investigation of new green synthetic methods. Therefore, substrate-scope investigation of enzymes plays an important role for this project.
Janett Thielemann & Dr. Christina Weinberg
Thema: Aktivitätsbasiertes Screening nach neuen selbstschneidenden Ribozymen mittels RNA-Sequenzierung
Einrichtung: Institut für Biochemie
Abstract: RNAs can fold into complex structures, which allow them to perform a number of biological functions. Those RNAs able to catalyze chemical reactions are called ribozymes. A subset of all known ribozyme classes, so-called self-cleaving ribozymes, share that they cut their own phosphate backbone at a specific position to enable their biological function. However, despite thousands of self-cleaving ribozyme examples, only a few selected representatives in a few organisms have so far been linked to a biological role. Here, we introduce a method with which we want to screen for novel self-cleaving ribozyme classes and which will enable us to study the in vivo activity of known self-cleaving ribozymes. We hope that the discovery of additional self-cleaving ribozyme classes as well as further insight on self-cleaving ribozyme activity will allow us to decipher more biological functions of self-cleaving ribozymes in the future.
Franziska Werner & Dr. Fanny Büchau
Thema: Rolle des Keratin-Desmosomen-Komplex in der Mechanotransduktion
Einrichtung: Institut für Biologie
Abstract: Keratin cytoskeletal proteins protect the skin against mechanical stimuli by forming cytoskeletal networks and by supporting cell adhesion via interaction with desmosomes. Cell-specific expression of keratin isotypes regulates the strength of keratin networks and of adhesion in various epidermal compartments. Keratin gene mutations cause network collapse, cell fragility, cell softening, alter gene expression and affect wound healing. How defects in keratins leads to these changes, remains incompletely understood, in contrast to the better understood role of actin. To address how keratins affect cell signaling and behavior, cultured keratinocytes differing in their keratin status will be exposed to uniaxial stretch for defined times. Subsequent analysis will be performed by immunofluorescence microscopy and transcriptome assays, focusing on pathways known to mediate stretch-dependent responses. This will elucidate mechanisms by which keratins are involved in mechanotransduction.
Die hier gezeigten Plakate stellen die Projekte vor. Sie wurden von den Projekt-Tandems auf dem Abschluss-Symposium präsentiert.